The Issue | Prevention | Education  

With the right guidance, it is possible to prevent pain medication misuse before it starts. The following is a collection of materials for prescribers, patients and the general public to use to prevent addiction and drug overdose. If you or someone you know is already misusing pain medications or has progressed to use of illegal drugs, you may be able to prevent a death by carrying naloxone.

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Prescriber Resources

Non Opioid Treatments for Chronic Pain - CDC fact sheet for healthcare providers that describes pain management alternatives to prescribing opioids for patients’ chronic pain.

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) - The SBIRT program is designed to reduce morbidity and mortality of alcohol and other drug use through early intervention and the integration of medical and behavioral health approaches.

Ohio Guideline for the Management of Acute Pain Outside of Emergency Departments - A guideline to the general approach to outpatient management of acute pain (shorter than 12 weeks’ duration) in the non-emergency department setting. Released by the Governor’s Cabinet Opiate Action Team (GCOAT) in January 2016.

Ohio Guidelines for Prescribing Opioids for the Treatment of Chronic, Non-Terminal Pain - A guideline for the use of opioids for the treatment of chronic, non-terminal pain. ”Chronic pain” means pain that has persisted after reasonable medical efforts have been made to relieve the pain or cure its cause and that has continued, either continuously or episodically, for longer than three continuous months. Released by the Governor’s Cabinet Opiate Action Team (GCOAT) in October 2013.

Ohio Emergency and Acute Care Facility Opioids and Other Controlled Substances Prescribing Guidelines - The Ohio Emergency and Acute Care Facility Opioids and Other Controlled Substances Prescribing Guidelines offer clinical guidance for the acute care environment where there is no established patient-doctor relationship. Released by the Governor’s Cabinet Opiate Action Team (GCOAT) in April 2012 and updated in January 2014.

Pharmacy Board MED Calculator - The MED Calculator is designed to assist in the calculation of a patient’s opioid intake.

Joint Regulatory Statement on Naloxone - This joint regulatory statement approved by the Ohio Board of Nursing, Ohio Board of Pharmacy and the State Medical Board of Ohio updates previous versions of the statement, and provides an overview of Ohio’s laws and programs promoting the use of naloxone for individuals at high risk of opioid overdose.

Ohio Automated Rx Reporting System (OARRS) - OARRS collects information on all outpatient prescriptions for controlled substances dispensed by Ohio-licensed pharmacies and personally furnished by licensed prescribers in Ohio. OARRS helps prescribers and pharmacists avoid potentially life-threatening drug interactions as well as identify individuals fraudulently obtaining controlled substances from multiple health care providers.
Patient Resources

Take the Quiz - Take the quiz to understand your risk for opioid addiction.

Disposal of Unused Medicines: What You Should Know - Special instructions for consumers disposing of expired, unwanted, or unused medicines. Consumers and caregivers should remove unneeded medications from their home as quickly as possible to help reduce the chance that others may accidentally take or intentionally misuse the unneeded medicine.

Rx Drug Dropbox - The National Association of Drug Diversion Investigators developed this web page to provide the locations of law enforcement sites that are accepting prescription drugs throughout the United States. You can find nearby Rx drug drop boxes by entering your address.

Ohio Pharmacies Dispensing Naloxone Without a Prescription - Here is the State of Ohio Board of Pharmacy list of Ohio licensed pharmacies that dispense naloxone (Narcan) without a prescription.

Prescription Opioids: What You Need to Know Fact Sheet - This CDC fact sheet, written for patients, details the risks associated with taking prescription opioids as well as the options available to patients for alternative pain management.

Pregnancy and Opioid Pain Medications - This CDC fact sheet, written for patients, details what pregnant women should be aware of if they are taking opioids before, during and after pregnancy.
General Public Resources

Stop Overdoses - This website provides information on where to find naloxone in Ohio, and signs and symptoms of overdose to recognize.

Generation Rx - This website provides educational resources to help prevent the misuse of prescription pain medications, and offers resources for several audiences including teens, colleges, businesses, and schools.

Start Talking! - Start Talking!, an initiative launched by Governor John R. Kasich and First Lady Karen W. Kasich, is a resource that provides parents, guardians, educators and community leaders the tools to start the conversation with Ohio’s youth about the importance of living healthy, drug-free lives.

Project DAWN (Deaths Avoided With Naloxone) - Website for Ohio’s community naloxone (Narcan) distribution programs. Any person can visit a Project DAWN site to obtain a free naloxone kit and training on how to recognize and reverse an opioid overdose. Includes location and contact information for all local Project DAWN sites.

Grant for Counties to Provide Naloxone to Law Enforcement and First Responders - This document provides details to local health departments for accessing grant funds from the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services in order to expand access to naloxone.

Drug Addiction Affects All Ohioans - A flyer to help Ohioans understand the warning signs of opioid abuse.